Just like people, or any living organism for that matter, dogs need to be fed the correct amount of food to maintain optimal health. If don’t feed your dog enough, or feed him too much, your dog will suffer from a number of easily avoidable health issues.
We’ll discuss how much food to feed your dog, but first here’s what can happen to your dog when you do not feed him properly.
Too little food
Malnutrition is a form of animal abuse. However, not every owner attentionally abuses their dog. Sometimes they lack education about proper canine nutrition. Here are the telltale symptoms of malnutrition according to Cuteness.com:
- Ribs, spine and bones are visible from a distance, indicating little to no body fat and no muscle mass.
- The dog’s coat may be scruffy or lack soft fur. He has dry skin or dandruff.
- Gas and fecal matter may be odoriferous; fecal matter may be extremely runny or hard.
- The dog may vomit bile.
- Low energy level.
- Susceptible to illness.
Too much food
Dogs, like people, are prone to overeating. A common reason people overfeed their dogs is because eating makes dogs happy—and owners love happy dogs. However, overeating has consequences. According to Petful.com, they include:
- A poorer quality of life, and shorter life at that.
- Intervertebral Disk Disease (a condition that can paralyze a dog).
- Subclinical conditions, such as inflammation and high cholesterol (which can lead to pancreatitis, diabetes, gastrointestinal disease and more).
- Breathing and heart problems.
How much to feed your dog?
According to Petmd.com, here is a chart that shows how much to feed your dog.
|Weight of Dog||Amount per Day|
|5 pounds or 2-3 kg||½ cup – ⅝ cup or 65 g|
|10 pounds or 4-5 kg||¾ cup – 1 cup or 100 g|
|20 pounds or 9, 14 kg||1¼ cups – 1¾ or 180 g|
|40 pounds or 18 kg||2¼ – 3 cups or 305 g|
|60 pounds or 27 kg||3 cups – 4 cups or 410 g|
|80 pounds or 36 kg||3⅔ – 5 cups or 510 g|
|100 pounds or 45 kg||4¼ – 6 cups or 610 g|
Some dogs are naturally more active by virtue of their breed, or how much activity you give them. Is your dog an “athlete”? Consider feeding active dogs a little bit more than the chart’s recommendations.
P.S. Water is also a crucial component of a dog’s diet. Make sure your dog always has clean, clear water daily that is easily accessible. Your dog’s bowl should be filled at all times. A healthy dog will drink as much as he needs to stay hydrated.